Features of Mental Disorders among HIV-infected Patients Admitted at Mohlomi Psychiatric Hospital in Maseru, Lesotho, from 2019 to 2020

KP Ilunga1, *, TW Ndwanya1, T Bongongo2, *
1 Faculty of Economy and Management Sciences, Stellenbosch University, South Africa
2 Family Medicine & PHC, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, South Africa



Psychiatric issues are far more likely to affect HIV-positive individuals. A lack of awareness of this association suggests a challenging outcome. This study aimed to determine the characteristics of mental health issues among HIV-positive patients being treated at Mohlomi Psychiatric Hospital in Maseru, Lesotho.


This was a retrospective record review of HIV-infected patients with features of mental disorders admitted at Mohlomi Psychiatric Hospital, Lesotho, from January 2019 to January 2020.


The 30 medical records examined revealed that most participants were in the age group of 19–29 years (15; 50.0%). The majority were female (21; 70.0%), had reached tertiary education (12; 40.0%), were unemployed (13; 43.3%), and were single (15; 50.0%). Among psychiatric disorders experienced, there was a high rate of depression (9; 30.0%). As comorbidities, there were high rates of hypertension (8; 26.7%) and diabetes mellitus (4; 13.3%).


This study on features of mental disorders among HIV-infected patients admitted at Mohlomi Psychiatric Hospital in Maseru, Lesotho showed that the target age group was 19–29 years, with higher prevalence in females, with tertiary level of education, unemployed and single. Several psychiatric disorders were noted, such as anxiety, bipolar disorder, drug-induced psychosis, mania, epilepsy with psychotic features, mood disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, postpartum depression, and schizophrenia. However, depression was found to be the main psychiatric disorder, and hypertension was the main comorbidity among HIV-infected patients admitted to the hospital.

Keywords: Record review, Features of mental disorders, HIV-infected patients, Mohlomi psychiatric hospital, Maseru, Lesotho.

Abstract Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2023
Volume: 16
DOI: 10.2174/18749445-v16-e230517-2022-141

Article History:

Electronic publication date: 17/05/2023
Collection year: 2023

© 2023 Ilunga et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Family Medicine & PHC/ Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, South Africa; E-mail: drpapiilunga@yahoo.fr