RESEARCH ARTICLE


Self-Medication Practices Among Health Care Professional Students in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Pune



Manjusha Sajith1, *, Sruthi M. Suresh2, Naveen T. Roy2, Dr. Atmaram Pawar1
1 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Poona College of Pharmacy, Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Poona College of Pharmacy, Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Erandwane, Pune, Maharashtra, India


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© 2017 Sajith et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Poona College of Pharmacy, Pune, Maharashtra, India; Tel: +91-9730080959; E-mail: manjusaji1@yahoo.com


Abstract

Background:

Self-medication practice is common among health care professionals due to their professional exposure to drugs and knowledge of treatment of their disease.

Objective:

The aim was to assess self-medication practice among medical, pharmacy, and nursing students in a tertiary care hospital, Pune. Method: A cross-sectional survey was carried out over a period of three months. A self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection.

Results:

A total of 318 students participated in the survey; among them106 were medical, 106 were nurses and 106 were Pharmacy students. Out of the total participants, 52.5% were females. Among them, 280 (87.5%) were practicing self- medication. Most drugs for self-medication were obtained from the pharmacy or drug shops, and the most commonly used drugs were non-steroidal anti- inflammatory drugs(81.2%) and antipyretics (67.6%) and antibiotics (35.0%). However, 112 (35.0%) of health care professional students had received antibiotics without medical prescription in the past few months. Common reported illnesses were fever and chills (62.5%) followed by headache (40.0%) and common cold(35.0%).The main reasons for self- medication was that their knowledge about drugs and diseases helped them (67%) and their health problem was not serious(65%). 40 (12.0%) were against self -medication practice and their reasons were fear of misdiagnosis of illness and adverse effect of drugs.

Conclusion:

Our study concluded that self-medication was practiced with a range of drugs among health care professional students. Educating the students and creating awareness among them may decrease the chance of self-medication practice.

Keywords: Self-medication, Health, Drugs, Disease, Treatment, Tertiary, Self-medication, Inflammatory drugs, Antipyretics, Antibiotics, Health care.