Cork University Business School
University College Cork
Biography of Matthias Beck
Cork University Business School, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
Department Global Health Economics & Policy
University of Kragujevac
Biography of Mihajlo Jakovljevic
Department Global Health Economics & Policy, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, Serbia
University of Florence
Biography of A. Baldassarre
University of Florence, Florence, Italy
Department of Sociology
University of Toronto
Biography of B. Berry
Department of Sociology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Department of Hygiene and Public Health section
University of Catania
Department of Epidemiology and Population Health
American University of Beirut
Biography of M. Chaaya
Department of Epidemiology and Population Health , American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
Health Economics and Outcomes Research
Biography of M. DeKoven
Health Economics and Outcomes Research, IQVIA, Fairfax, USA
Institute of Biological and Health Sciences
Federal University of Mato Grosso
Barra do Garças
Biography of C.K.B. Ferrari
Institute of Biological and Health Sciences, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Barra do Garças, Brazil
|M. A. Khafaie|
Department of Public Health
Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences
Biography of M. A. Khafaie
Department of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Kerman University of Medical Sciences (KMU)
Biography of N. Khanjani
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Kerman University of Medical Sciences (KMU), Kerman, Iran
Department of Radiologic Technology
Chiang Mai University
Biography of S. Kothan
Department of Radiologic Technology, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
Hamedan University of Medical Sciences
Biography of A.S.M. Nejad
Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran
Department of Family Medicine and Public Health
University of Botswana
Biography of O. Oladimeji
Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of Botswana, Botswana, South Africa
Arak University of Medical Sciences
Biography of K. Vakilian
Medical Department, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
Women and Gender Studies
George Mason University
Biography of M. Ahmadian
Women and Gender Studies, George Mason University, Fairfax, USA
|A. T. Alexiou|
Novel Global Community Educational Foundation
Biography of A. T. Alexiou
Novel Global Community Educational Foundation, , Australia
Department of Health Services Management,
Arak University of Medical Sciences
Biography of S. Amini
Department of Health Services Management,, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute (NSTRI)
Biography of Y. Fazaeli
Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute (NSTRI), Karaj, Iran
This article by Dr. Olufunso O. Sogbanmu et al. is published in The Open Public Health Journal, Volume 12, 2019
HIV patients can suffer from a range of ailments. However, the prevalence of specific diseases may be depended on geographical or demographic factors. A team of researchers from the University of Fort Hare in South Africa, led by Olufunso O. Sogbanmu have studied the incidence of diabetes mellitus in HIV patients Buffalo City, East London. The team's research has shown the need to screen older individuals diagnosed with HIV as crucial in offering a timely point of care and interventions to enable prompt diagnosis of diabetes mellitus in this cohort of patient and prevent possible comorbidities that may result from delayed diagnosis.
The study examined the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in newly diagnosed HIV-positive patients in Buffalo City Municipality, East London, South Africa. The majority of the participants were female (75%) and the prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 6% amongst newly diagnosed HIV positive patient using the definition based on the Society for Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes of South Africa (SEMDSA) 2017 guideline of HbA1c of above 6.5%. The multivariate analysis indicates only age (p=0.031) and race (0.019) significantly shows a correlation to increase the risk of development of diabetes mellitus in newly diagnosed HIV positive patients. The binary logistic regression analysis shows that age (above 46 years) (p=0.001; AOR (6.60); CI (2.08-20.9) was directly related to the development of diabetes mellitus.
Another highlight of the study is the possibility that glycated haemoglobin may underestimate diabetes mellitus diagnosis amongst HIV positive population, hence, there may be a need to consider different screening tests to aid the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus amongst HIV positive patients. The research has been published in The Open Public Health Journal (Volume 12, 2019).
To access the full text of the article, please visit: https://benthamopen.com/ABSTRACT/TOPHJ-12-263
Dr O. O. SOGANMU
PHD (Microbiology), MMed (Family Medicine), MBcHB
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