Cork University Business School
University College Cork
Biography of Matthias Beck
Cork University Business School, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
Department Global Health Economics & Policy
University of Kragujevac
Biography of Mihajlo Jakovljevic
Department Global Health Economics & Policy, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, Serbia
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
University of Cordoba
Biography of M.F. Allam
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Cordoba, Cordoba, Spain
Department of Sociology
University of Leicester
Biography of E. Annandale
Department of Sociology, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
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Newcastle upon Tyne
Biography of C. Bailey
Department of Nursing Midwifery and Health, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Kansas Health Foundation Elliott School of Communication
Wichita State University
Biography of D.S. Ballard-Reisch
Kansas Health Foundation Elliott School of Communication, Wichita State University, Wichita, USA
Department of Sociology
University of Toronto
Biography of B. Berry
Department of Sociology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Environment
University of Basilicata
Biography of S.A. Bufo
Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Environment, University of Basilicata, Potenza, Italy
University of Ulster
Biography of C. Busby
Green Audit, University of Ulster, Coleraine, UK
School of Nursing
Biography of S. Celik
School of Nursing, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
Department of Epidemiology and Population Health
American University of Beirut
Biography of M. Chaaya
Department of Epidemiology and Population Health , American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
Centre for Rehabilitation & Special Needs
National University of Malaysia
Biography of S.Y. Chu
Centre for Rehabilitation & Special Needs, National University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Department of Medical Sciences
University of Catania
Biography of G.O. Conti
Department of Medical Sciences, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
Health Economics and Outcomes Research
Biography of M. DeKoven
Health Economics and Outcomes Research, IQVIA, Fairfax, USA
|C. M. Doran|
Central Queensland University
Centre for Indigenous Health Equity Research
Biography of C. M. Doran
Central Queensland University, Centre for Indigenous Health Equity Research, Brisbane, Australia
Institute of Biological and Health Sciences
Federal University of Mato Grosso
Barra do Garças
Biography of C.K.B. Ferrari
Institute of Biological and Health Sciences, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Barra do Garças, Brazil
|M. Fiore |
Department of Medical
University of Catania
Biography of M. Fiore
Department of Medical, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
Skin Cancer Research Unit
College of Public Health, Medical & Veterinary Sciences
James Cook University
Biography of S.L. Harrison
Skin Cancer Research Unit, College of Public Health, Medical & Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Queensland, Australia
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Biography of M.A. Hassali
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia
|M. O. Hortas|
Department of Computing
Biography of M. O. Hortas
Department of Computing, VARPA Group, A Coruña, Spain
Department of Statistics
University of Rajshahi
Biography of M.G. Hossain
Department of Statistics, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
|M. A. Khafaie|
Department of Public Health
Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences
Biography of M. A. Khafaie
Department of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Kerman University of Medical Sciences (KMU)
Biography of N. Khanjani
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Kerman University of Medical Sciences (KMU), Kerman, Iran
Department of Cardiology
Biography of R. Kones
Department of Cardiology, Tulane University, Houston, USA
Department of Radiologic Technology
Chiang Mai University
Biography of S. Kothan
Department of Radiologic Technology, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
University of Hradec Kralove
Biography of K. Kuca
University of Hradec Kralove, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic
Department of Chemistry and Biology
University of Salerno
Biography of G. Lofrano
Department of Chemistry and Biology, University of Salerno, Fisciano, Italy
Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine
University of Siena
Biography of G. Messina
Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, University of Siena, Siena, Italy
Hamedan University of Medical Sciences
Biography of A.S.M. Nejad
Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran
Department of Internal Medicine
General Hospital of Piraeus “Tzaneio”
Biography of A. Papazafiropoulou
Department of Internal Medicine, General Hospital of Piraeus “Tzaneio”, Pireas, Greece
Central Scientific Laboratory
Grodno State Medical University
Biography of Y. Razvodovsky
Central Scientific Laboratory, Grodno State Medical University, Grodno, Belarus
University of California Santa Cruz
Santa Cruz, CA
Biography of M. Sparke
Politics Department, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, USA
Arak University Of Medical Sciences
Biography of K. Vakilian
Medical Department, Arak University Of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
|T. S. Vasulu|
Indian Statistical Institute
Biography of T. S. Vasulu
Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
Biography of O.G. Dominic
Highmark Inc, Pittsburgh, USA
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
University of L’Aquila
Biography of E. Altobelli
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
Unit of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, IRCCS
Biography of E. Bidoli
Unit of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, IRCCS, Aviano, Italy
Department of Pathology
Louisiana Tech University
Biography of W. Buboltz
Department of Pathology, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, USA
Department of Parasitology
Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute ,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Biography of H. Yin
Department of Parasitology, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute ,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Xujiaping, China
Women and Gender Studies
George Mason University
Biography of M. Ahmadian
Women and Gender Studies, George Mason University, Fairfax, USA
|A. T. Alexiou|
Novel Global Community Educational Foundation
Biography of A. T. Alexiou
Novel Global Community Educational Foundation, , Australia
Department of Health Systems Management
The Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel
Biography of N. Blum
Department of Health Systems Management, The Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel, Jazrael Valley, Israel
This article by Dr. Olufunso O. Sogbanmu et al. is published in The Open Public Health Journal, Volume 12, 2019
HIV patients can suffer from a range of ailments. However, the prevalence of specific diseases may be depended on geographical or demographic factors. A team of researchers from the University of Fort Hare in South Africa, led by Olufunso O. Sogbanmu have studied the incidence of diabetes mellitus in HIV patients Buffalo City, East London. The team's research has shown the need to screen older individuals diagnosed with HIV as crucial in offering a timely point of care and interventions to enable prompt diagnosis of diabetes mellitus in this cohort of patient and prevent possible comorbidities that may result from delayed diagnosis.
The study examined the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in newly diagnosed HIV-positive patients in Buffalo City Municipality, East London, South Africa. The majority of the participants were female (75%) and the prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 6% amongst newly diagnosed HIV positive patient using the definition based on the Society for Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes of South Africa (SEMDSA) 2017 guideline of HbA1c of above 6.5%. The multivariate analysis indicates only age (p=0.031) and race (0.019) significantly shows a correlation to increase the risk of development of diabetes mellitus in newly diagnosed HIV positive patients. The binary logistic regression analysis shows that age (above 46 years) (p=0.001; AOR (6.60); CI (2.08-20.9) was directly related to the development of diabetes mellitus.
Another highlight of the study is the possibility that glycated haemoglobin may underestimate diabetes mellitus diagnosis amongst HIV positive population, hence, there may be a need to consider different screening tests to aid the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus amongst HIV positive patients. The research has been published in The Open Public Health Journal (Volume 12, 2019).
To access the full text of the article, please visit: https://benthamopen.com/ABSTRACT/TOPHJ-12-263
Dr O. O. SOGANMU
PHD (Microbiology), MMed (Family Medicine), MBcHB
The Open Public Health Journal is an Open Access online journal, which publishes research articles, reviews, letters, case reports and guest-edited single topic issues in all areas of public health. Bentham Open ensures speedy peer review process and accepted papers are published within 2 weeks of final acceptance.
The Open Public Health Journal is committed to ensuring high quality of research published. We believe that a dedicated and committed team of editors and reviewers make it possible to ensure the quality of the research papers. The overall standing of a journal is in a way, reflective of the quality of its Editor(s) and Editorial Board and its members.
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