SYSTEMATIC REVIEW


Prevalence of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus in Saudi Arabia Revisited: A Meta-analysis



Khalid Mohamed Adam*, Mosleh Mohamed Abomughaid
Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Bisha, Bisha, Saudi Arabia


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© 2018 Mohamed Adam and Mohamed Abomughaid

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the P.O. Box 551, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Bisha, Bisha, Saudi Arabia; E-mail: dr.aboalbasher@gmail.com


Abstract

Background:

The dramatic increase in the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus as a source of nosocomial and community-associated infections in Saudi Arabia has attracted the attention of many researchers and public health workers. Hence, the aim of this meta-analysis is to assess the extent of the problem in Saudi Arabia at large.

Methodology:

PubMed database was searched for articles about the prevalence of MRSA in Saudi Arabia, and the relevant data from all eligible studies were analyzed to assess the overall prevalence rate by ProMeta3.

Results:

Seven articles were included in this meta-analysis with the sample size of 8433 individual. The overall prevalence of MRSA was 38% (95% CI: 28 – 50). The prevalence of MRSA according to the region was 32% (95%CI: 21 – 46) for the central region and 42% (95% CI: 33 – 52) for the western region.

Conclusion:

The findings of this study indicate that the overall prevalence of MRSA in Saudi Arabia is relatively high, with the western region showing the highest prevalence rates, which necessitates the urgent implementation of preventive and educative strategies.

Keywords: Methicillin, MRSA, Staphylococcus aureus, ProMeta3, Central region, Western region, Saudi Arabia.