Factors Affecting the Family Physicians' Intention to Leave the Job: A Case of Iran



Rita Rezaee1, Pegah Shoaahaghighi2, Najmeh Bordbar3, Karam Tavani4, Ramin Ravangard5, *
1 Department of Clinical Education Research Center, Health Human Resources Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2 Department of Health Education, Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3 Department of Health Services Management, Student Research Committee, School of Management and Medical Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
4 GP, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
5 Department of Health Services Management, Health Human Resources Research Center, School of Management and Medical Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Abstract

Background:

Family physician program is a complete health-care system, and its human resources are the most important resources like any other healthcare program. Organizational Commitment (OC) and Quality of Work-Life (QWL) are important factors in attracting and retaining employees.

Objective:

To investigate the association of OC and QWL with the intention to leave the job by family physicians in Shiraz, Iran in 2017.

Methods:

This was a descriptive analytical study conducted on a sample of 268 family physicians in 2017. For data collection, Porter's organizational commitment, Walton's Quality of Work Life, and Cammann's intention to leave the job questionnaires were used. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 23.0.

Results:

The results showed that the levels of OC, QWL, and the intention to leave the job were moderate among the studied family physicians. In addition, the results showed that QWL and OC had negative and significant associations with the intention to leave the job (p-value<0.001), and the QWL had a greater association (Beta=-0.348).

Conclusion:

It is suggested that more attention should be paid to the family physicians at the Ministry of Health and the provincial level to improve the QWL and OC of the family physicians, and thereby preventing the physicians from leaving their job from the family physician program.

Keywords: Organizational commitment, Work-life, Job, Physicians, Family physician Program .


Abstract Information


Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2019
Volume: 12
First Page: 01
Last Page: 00
Publisher Item Identifier: EA-TOPHJ-2019-57

Article History:

Received Date: 01/07/2019
Revision Received Date: 22/09/2019
Acceptance Date: 07/10/2019
Electronic publication date: 21/11/2019
Collection year: 2019

© 2019 Rezaee et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


* Address correspondence to this author at Department of Health Services Management, Health Human Resources Research Center, School of Management and Medical Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; Tel: 00987132340774; E-mail: ra_ravangard@yahoo.com