Health Information Literacy among Malaria Patients in Ghana: Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 3 in Focus

Dominic Agyei Dankwah1, *, George Clifford Yamson2
1 The University Library, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana
2 The University Library, Central University, Miotso-Prampram, Accra, Ghana

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Creative Commons License
© 2019 Dankwah and Yamson

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at The University Library, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana; E-mail:



This cross-sectional survey aimed to ascertain the knowledge of malaria patients in determining the nature and extent of health information needed; accessing the needed health information effectively and efficiently; evaluating such health information and its sources critically in order to use the information.


A self-reported questionnaire was given to 155 participants in selected “drug stores” in Ho in the Volta Region of Ghana. Positive relationships were found between respondents whose decision to purchase malaria drugs was based on laboratory tests and high health information literacy skills. Low knowledge of libraries among the respondents was recorded even though there was no significant difference between the health information literacy of those who see the library as a source of health information and those who do not.


There is a need to involve libraries in the health delivery system in order to help extend literacy training/skills to the citizenry.

Keywords: : Malaria, Information literacy, Health information, Information seeking-behaviour, Ghana, Sustainable development goals.