RESEARCH ARTICLE


The Relationship Between The Perception of Elderly’s Health Status and Health Behaviors in Nakhon Nayok Province, Thailand



Prapada Watcharanat1, *, Prasong Tanpichai1, Ravee Sajjasophon1
1 Department of Human and Community Resource Development, Kasetsart University Thailand, Thailand


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Creative Commons License
© 2019 Watcharanat et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Human and Community Resource Development, Kasetsart University, Thailand;
E-mail: papadawacharanat@yahoo.com


Abstract

Purpose:

This research aims to study the relationship between perception of elderly’s health and health behaviors in Nakhon Nayok province, Thailand

Methods:

This research was a cross-sectional study. The questionnaire was used to collect the data. This research was conducted in Nakhon Nayok province. The sample size was 270 which applied Taro Yamane's formula at a significant level 0.05. The descriptive statistics was implemented to describe the variables by presenting the frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation. Furthermore, multiple regression analysis was applied to analyze the relationship between perception of elderly’s health and health behaviors. The statistical significance was considered to reject Hypothesis-null at < 0.05.

Results:

From a total of 270 people, more than 58.22% of the elderly perceived that they had moderate health conditions. Most elderly had congenital diseases (62.2%). The multiple regression analysis results showed that health status perception and health status perception when compared to their cohort related significantly to health behavior.

Conclusion:

The government should support the elderly on participation, trust, engagement, and cultural concern of the people in the community, which can contribute to promoting the physical, mental and social condition of the elderly.

Keywords: Perception, Elderly’s health, Health behaviors, Taro Yamane's formula, Health status, Mental and social condition.