RESEARCH ARTICLE


Epidemiological Profile of Injured Motorcyclists in Road Traffic Accident Treated in a Third-Level Hospital



Ana Cecilia Méndez-Magaña1, Berenice Martínez-Melendres2, Melva Guadalupe Herrera-Godina1, *, Maria Guadalupe Laura Baez-Baez1, Alfredo Celis1, Guillermo González-Estevez3
1 Departamento de Salud Pública, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Mexico
2 Departamento de Enfermería para la Atención, Universidad de Guadalajara, Desarrollo y Preservación de la Salud Comunitaria, Guadalajara, Mexico
3 Departamento de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Mexico


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Creative Commons License
© 2019 Méndez-Magaña et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Salud Publica, Universidad De Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Mexico; Email: melvaherrera@hotmail.com


Abstract

Background

In Mexico, motorcycle use is increasingly prevalent owing to the availability and low fuel consumption of the vehicle. With the increasing number of motorcycle users, the rate of injuries and mortality due to road traffic accidents has also increased.

Objective

The study aimed to describe the epidemiological profile of injured motorcyclists treated in a third-level hospital, who were involved in traffic accidents in Guadalajara's Metropolitan Area and Zapotlanejo municipality.

Methods

We realized a logistic regression model, where we included all variables with p<=0.25, they had three or less response options became in dummy variables for facilitate the analysis and we took as confounders factors either variables that modify up to 10% the value of Odd Ratio.

Results

In our study, we examined 180 injured motorcyclists. The factors that increases risk of severe injury at Metropolitan Zone of Guadalajara and Zapotlanejo’s town were as follows: the motorcycle was not functioning properly prior to the incident (OR 76.89, 2.08-2839.25), the motorcyclist consider had committed any traffic infraction at the time of the event (OR 6.88, 1.30-36.26), the injured live in Metropolitan Zone of Guadalajara (OR 7.58, 1.15-50.17), driving a motorcycle when the driver did not know if the vehicle was “salvage” or not (OR 113.84, 9.13-1419.96) and as protectors factors, we found that a person drove a motorcycle with brand not Italika (OR 0.06, 0.008-0.41) and the road traffic occurred by line road or intersection “+”(OR 0.10, 0.02-0.61).

Conclusion

This information allowed to observe that exist elements of motorcyclist, and the motorcycle and environment that increases or reduced severity injuries in this group, most important when they did not have a health insurance.

Keywords: Epidemiological profile, Motorcyclist, Injuries, Road traffic accidents, Protective devices, Risk factors.