Knowledge about HIV/AIDS and Attitudes towards Sexuality of Undergraduate Students at a Peruvian University

Anwar Julio Yarin Achachagua1, *
, Ivan Ángel Encalada Díaz2
, Jorge Wilmer Elias Silupu3
, Abad Antonio Surichaqui Mateo4
, Sandy Dorian Isla Alcoser5
, Beatriz Silvia Surichaqui Tiza2

1 Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Facultad de Ingeniería Industrial, Lima District, Peru
2 Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Facultad de Educación, Lima District, Peru
3 Universidad Nacional Ciro Alegría, Facultad de Ingeniería, La Libertad, Peru
4 Universidad Nacional Huancavelica, Facultad de Ciencias Empresariales, Huancavelica, Peru
5 Universidad Nacional de Huancavelica, Facultad de Ciencias Empresariales, Huancavelica, Peru

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© 2022 Achachagua et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Facultad de Ingeniería Industrial, Lima District, Peru; Tel: 51989427051; E-mail:



In Peru, there are some concerning difficulties in ascertaining the situation of sexually transmitted diseases, which makes it even more difficult to prevent and improve this situation.


The objective of this article was to inquire what knowledge the students at a Peruvian university have about HIV/AIDS in order to determine the relationship between this knowledge and attitude towards sexuality.


This was a cross-sectional study with a non-experimental design, involving a quantitative approach and a correlation measurement. 294 students were included in the study. The data collection technique used was the survey for each study variable with a Cronbach's alpha of .884 for the first variable and .704 for the second variable. Spearman's Rho coefficient correlation test was used to contrast the results.


Among the results, a significant and reverse correlation was obtained between knowledge about HIV/AIDS and attitudes towards sexuality (r = -.304, p-value = .000). Likewise, only 54.8% of the students were found to have adequate knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS and 75.17% had normal attitude towards sexuality.


It has been concluded that the more the adequate knowledge about HIV, the less students present risk-taking attitudes towards sexuality, and given the evidence of risky sexual behaviour in all age groups, as well as a significant number engaging in regular risk sexual behaviour, we suggest that universities implement sex education programs permanently regardless of the academic cycle.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Sexuality, Attitude, Level of knowledge, University, Adolescent.