RESEARCH ARTICLE


Knowledge and Perceptions Regarding the use of Antibiotics and Self-diagnosis: A Comparative Study of the Urban and Suburban Communities in Karawang, Indonesia



Vesara A. Gatera1, 2, Woro Supadmi1, 3, Litha M. Prastika1, Deby T. Rohaida1, *, Melisa I. Barliana4, 5, *, Rizky Abdulah1, 5
1 Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor, Indonesia
2 Faculty of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Royal College of Medicine Perak, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
3 Faculty of Pharmacy, Ahmad Dahlan University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
4 Department of Biological Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor, Indonesia
5 Center of Excellence in Higher Education for Pharmaceutical Care Innovation, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor, Indonesia


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Creative Commons License
© 2022 Gatera et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Biological Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jl.Raya Bandung-Sumedang Km 21, West Java, Indonesia; Tel: +6281214451177; E-mail: melisa.barliana@unpad.ac.id


Abstract

Background:

To avoid antibiotic resistance, acute respiratory infections (ARIs) require the use of appropriate antibiotics. As a result, having the appropriate knowledge and perceptions is critical for achieving successful clinical outcomes.

Objective:

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships and differences in knowledge and perceptions about antibiotics and ARI in urban and suburban communities in the Karawang Regency of West Java Province, Indonesia.

Methods:

We used a validated questionnaire approach to conduct a cross-sectional study in primary health care facilities. We surveyed 440 respondents from urban areas and 464 respondents from suburban areas.

Results:

Respondents in both urban and suburban areas agreed that self-diagnosis should not be used to prescribe antibiotics. False knowledge and perceptions about antibiotic use were more prevalent in suburban respondents than urban respondents. Additionally, a significant correlation between education levels and knowledge and perception was observed in both areas. Furthermore, significant correlations between age and occupation, as well as knowledge and perceptions, were identified in urban areas.

Conclusion:

Our study suggests that additional efforts are needed to increase awareness and ensure appropriate antibiotic use in the community.

Keywords: Acute respiratory infections, Antibiotics, Knowledge, Perceptions, Urban, Suburban areas.