Knowledge and Perceptions Regarding the use of Antibiotics and Self-diagnosis: A Comparative Study of the Urban and Suburban Communities in Karawang, Indonesia
Vesara A. Gatera1, 2, Woro Supadmi1, 3, Litha M. Prastika1, Deby T. Rohaida1, *, Melisa I. Barliana4, 5, *, Rizky Abdulah1, 5
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2022
E-location ID: e187494452205100
Publisher ID: e187494452205100
Article History:Received Date: 7/8/2021
Revision Received Date: 16/11/2021
Acceptance Date: 21/12/2021
Electronic publication date: 16/06/2022
Collection year: 2022
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
To avoid antibiotic resistance, acute respiratory infections (ARIs) require the use of appropriate antibiotics. As a result, having the appropriate knowledge and perceptions is critical for achieving successful clinical outcomes.
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships and differences in knowledge and perceptions about antibiotics and ARI in urban and suburban communities in the Karawang Regency of West Java Province, Indonesia.
We used a validated questionnaire approach to conduct a cross-sectional study in primary health care facilities. We surveyed 440 respondents from urban areas and 464 respondents from suburban areas.
Respondents in both urban and suburban areas agreed that self-diagnosis should not be used to prescribe antibiotics. False knowledge and perceptions about antibiotic use were more prevalent in suburban respondents than urban respondents. Additionally, a significant correlation between education levels and knowledge and perception was observed in both areas. Furthermore, significant correlations between age and occupation, as well as knowledge and perceptions, were identified in urban areas.
Our study suggests that additional efforts are needed to increase awareness and ensure appropriate antibiotic use in the community.