Depression and Quality of Life among Women Hospitalized during COVID-19 Pandemic

Ali Reza Yusefi1, Esmat Rezabeigi Davarani2, Zahra Kavosi3, Gholamhossein Mehralian4, *
1 Department of Public Health, School of Health, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran
2 Health in Disasters and Emergencies Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Kerman, Iran
3 Resources Research Center, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
4 Nottingham Business School, Nottingham, UK

Article Metrics

CrossRef Citations:
Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 485
Abstract HTML Views: 201
PDF Downloads: 235
ePub Downloads: 160
Total Views/Downloads: 1081
Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 334
Abstract HTML Views: 133
PDF Downloads: 174
ePub Downloads: 110
Total Views/Downloads: 751

Creative Commons License
© 2023 Yusefi et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Nottingham Business School, Nottingham, UK; Email:



The outbreak of the new coronavirus (COVID-19) can lead to the development of several mental disorders. Women are an important part of any society, and psychological factors can affect their quality of life. The present study aimed to investigate the depression level among hospitalized women and its relationship with their quality of life during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2021.


This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 465 women admitted to public educational hospitals affiliated with the Minister of Health, Iran. The data collection tools were the Goldberg Depression Scale and the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) Questionnaire. Descriptive and inferential statistical methods were used to analyze the data by applying SPSS software version 23.


According to the results, 48.60% of the women were mentally healthy. While 15.27% of them were more likely to develop depression, 13.12% of the others were borderline depressed. At the same time, 12.69% of the women who participated in the study suffered from a mild to moderate level of depression, 7.74% of women had moderate to severe depression, and 2.58% of the rest tolerated severe depression. Other results show that the mean score of quality of life (QOL) of the women was 58.49±11.51 (out of 120). Moreover, a significant and inverse correlation between depression and QOL was observed among the studied women (r=-0.564, P<0.001). Statistically significant relationships between depression and the variables of age (P=0.007), place of residence (P=0.04), marital status (P=0.006), level of education (P<0.001), and income level (P=0.03) were also observed. Moreover, there was also a statistically significant relationship between women's QOL and their marital status (P=0.02).


According to the results, providing social support and establishing effective communication based on mutual interaction among hospitalized women and healthcare workers can be recommended to decrease their level of depressive disorder and enhance their QOL.

Keywords: Depression, Quality of life, Coronavirus, COVID-19, Panemic, Hospitalized.