Knowledge and Practices regarding the use of Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs among University students in Jordan

Wisam Al Masoudi1
, Raneen Al Dweik2
, Ghadeer Al-Dweik1, *

1 Faculty of Nursing, Applied Science Private University, Amman 11931-166, Jordan
2 Pharmaceutical Data Analyst, Pi Pharma Intelligence Company, Amman 11931-166, Jordan

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© 2023 Al Masoudi et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Faculty of Nursing, Applied Science Private University, Amman 11931-166, Jordan; Tel: 00962795087119; E-mail:



Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) in pain management is common and not usually controlled. NSAIDs are a widely used therapeutic group worldwide, particularly in the Arab world. Inappropriate self-medication can have several potential risks.


This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of Non-Steroidal Anti- Inflammatory Drugs use among university students and assess their knowledge and practices toward its usage.


A quantitative cross-sectional descriptive design was used. A convenient sample of 198 participants were recruited from two universities in Jordan. Data were collected on February 2020 by an instrument designed specifically by the researcher depending on previous literature to assess knowledge and practices regarding the use of Non-Steroidal Anti- Inflammatory Drugs among university students.


The results showed a good level of knowledge, [31.3%] of the students had used NSAID drugs during the previous month from data collection. The level of knowledge was higher among medical students than non-medical students and third and above years more than first and second year. Also, the results indicated that there is no significant difference in practice regarding the use of NSAIDs based on the academic year. However, according to practice, results were significant based on faculty type and gender. Male students used NSAIDs more than females.


This study recommends activating the role of nurses in health promotion for NSAID use. It also suggests the need to develop strategies and policies to regulate the use of NSAIDs.

Keywords: Non-Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, Over-the-counter (OTC), University students, WHO, Self-medication, Jordan.