Investigating the Relationship between Needs and Life Expectancy (Maslow’s Hierarchy) among COVID-19-Recovered Patients
Kiavash Hushmandi1, Sam Saghari2, Rasoul Raesi3, *
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2023
E-location ID: e187494452307211
Publisher ID: e187494452307211
Article History:Received Date: 24/02/2023
Revision Received Date: 01/07/2023
Acceptance Date: 05/07/2023
Electronic publication date: 22/08/2023
Collection year: 2023
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The purpose of this study was to examine the association between Maslow’s hierarchy of human needs and life expectancy in COVID-19-recovered patients.
The widespread prevalence of COVID-19 has had an impact on life expectancy. Moreover, life expectancy is affected by individuals’ roles and positions in society. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between Maslow’s hierarchy of human needs and life expectancy in COVID-19-recovered patients.
A correlational cross-sectional study was conducted over a period of three months. One hundred individuals who recovered from COVID-19 were enrolled through the convenience sampling method. The data collection instrument was a three-part electronic questionnaire comprising a demographics form, a researcher-developed needs assessment tool based on Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, and Snyder et al.’s Hope Scale. The collected data were analyzed using the Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regressions in the SPSS-15 statistical software. The level of significance was set at P <0.05.
Life expectancy was significantly and positively linked with Maslow's hierarchy of needs in general (r = 0.53), as well as with the levels of basic needs (r = 0.53), security needs (r = 0.51), social needs (r = 0.48), esteem needs (r = 0.46), and self-actualization needs (r = 0.42) (P <0.001).
The fulfillment of basic needs is of paramount importance for COVID-19-recovered patients and can lead to increased life expectancy in these people.