Evaluation of Preterm Birth and its Associated Risk Factors in Southeast Iran in 2020: A Glance to Social and Care Factors
Reza Faryabi1, Mehran Nikvarz2, Mahdieh Ardaneh3, Rasoul Raesi4, Salman Daneshi5, *, Vahid Mashayekhi Mazar6
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2023
E-location ID: e187494452308150
Publisher ID: e187494452308150
Article History:Received Date: 24/03/2023
Revision Received Date: 11/07/2023
Acceptance Date: 25/07/2023
Electronic publication date: 25/09/2023
Collection year: 2023
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This study aimed to assess pregnancy health care and the incidence of PTB in the south of Kerman province.
For the plan and management of prevention programs effectively, it is important to consider the incidence and trend of preterm births (PTB).
In this cross-sectional (descriptive and analytical) study, the national code of mothers of premature infants was extracted by reporting from the national system of the Ministry of Health. The data collection tool was a researcher-made checklist. Data analysis was carried out by SPSS version 20 software and the significance level was <0.05.
Results and Discussion:
A total of 554 premature infants were examined, and 55% of them were boys. The gender of the infant and the number of cares received (p<0.01), the level of education of the mother and father (p < 0.001), the mother’s occupation (p < 0.01), the father's occupation (p < 0.001), monthly income and participation in preparatory classes of childbirth (p<0.01), place of residence (p<0.05), appropriateness of receiving care with pregnancy age (p<0.001) had statistically significant relationship with the number of care received.
This study showed potential risk factors associated with preterm delivery and subsequent management to prevent preterm delivery in low-risk and high-risk women with singleton or multiple pregnancies. A history of premature birth is the most important risk factor for premature birth in the next pregnancy.