Profile of Preeclampsia Patients with Aggravating Factors: A Retrospective Study

J.M. Seno Adjie1, *, Cindy Angkawijaya1
1 Department Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia


Preeclampsia contributes to 9-26% of maternal deaths in developing countries. This study was conducted to present the profile of preeclampsia patients with aggravating factors. A retrospective study was performed on preeclampsia patients admitted to the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital from January to June 2021. A total of 109 participants who met the specified criteria were included in this study. The prevalence of pre-eclampsia was 12.9%. The common aggravating factors were multiple pregnancies (10.1%), chronic hypertension (5.5%), and diabetes (5.5%). Two subjects (1.8%) had eclampsia, and 13 (11.9%) were diagnosed with HELLP syndrome. Most subjects gave birth via caesarean section (79.8%). More than 50% gave birth at 35 years of age, nullipara, with a Body Mass Index (BMI) > 30 kg/m2, multiple pregnancies, chronic hypertension, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Outcomes of studies that have been conducted include survival, complications, eclampsia, HELLP syndrome, caesarean delivery, delivery at < 34weeks GA, and prolonged hospitalization.

Keywords: Preeclampsia, Aggravate, Risk Factors, Profile, Outcomes.

Abstract Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2023
Volume: 16
DOI: 10.2174/18749445-v16-e230825-2022-226

Article History:

Electronic publication date: 25/08/2023
Collection year: 2023

© 2023 J.M. Seno et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia; Tel: 081219459613; E-mail: