Preterm Babies' Survival and its Predictors among Newborns Admitted to The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Public Hospitals, East Shewa, Oromia, Ethiopia, 2022. Cross Sectional Secondary Data Review

Mogos Gudeta1, *, Tadele Banti2, Mulugeta Garedew1
1 Department of Midwifery, Salale University, Ethiopia
2 Department of Nursing, Salale University, Ethiopia



In Ethiopia, complications from preterm are the second most common cause of mortality for children under five. The nation's greatest rate of newborn deaths occurs in the Oromia region. The study aimed to assess the survival of preterm neonates and the risk factors of newborns admitted to hospitals in east Shewa, Ethiopia.


Preterm babies admitted were followed up between May 1 to May 30, 2022, using an institution-based retrospective follow-up design. A structured and pre-tested questionnaire was used. The median time to survive, life table, the Kaplan Meier curve, and the log-rank test were computed. Both bi-variable and multivariable Cox regression models were applied to analyze the data.


Preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome (AHR: 3.06, 95% CI: 1.99, 4.72), perinatal asphyxia (AHR: 2.74, 95% CI: 1.82, 4.11), neonatal sepsis (AHR: 2.85, 95% CI: 1.90, 4.27), and gestational age 32 weeks (AHR: 2.1, 95% CI: 1.22, 3.5) were all statistically significant predictors of mortality.


s: The median risk time to death was 8 days, measured in days after admission. When compared to EDHS, where the preterm infant death rate is 30 per 1000 live births, hospital's rate is greater. Predictors for newborn infections were gestational ages of less than or equal to 32 weeks, prenatal hypoxia, respiratory distress, and neonatal infection.

Keywords: Predictors, Premature, Survival, Hospitals, Ethiopia.

Abstract Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2023
Volume: 16
DOI: 10.2174/18749445-v16-e230720-2023-35

Article History:

Electronic publication date: 20/07/2023
Collection year: 2023

© 2023 Mogos et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Midwifery, Salale University, Ethiopia; E-mail: