REVIEW ARTICLE


Theoretical Perspectives of Hospitalized Older Patients and Their Health-Related Problems and Quality of Care: Systematic Literature Review



Atef Hasan Khatib1, Ayman M. Hamdan-Mansour1, *, Manar Ali Bani Hani2
1 Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
2 Princess Muna College of Nursing, Mu’tah University, Royal Medical Services, Amman, 11942, Jordan


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© 2017 Ayman M. Hamdan Mansour.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, School of Nursing, The University of Jordan; Tel: 00962-796383002; E-mail: a.mansour@ju.edu.jo


Abstract

Introduction:

The proportion of aged people is growing worldwide. Older persons are affected by a number of physical, psychological and social factors that influence their health and quality of life. These factors are usually multiple and are often masked by sensory and cognitive impairments.

Purpose:

The purpose of this study was to examine the available literature emphasizing older persons’ care, care-related problems, and older persons’ quality of healthcare. Also, the paper aimed at exploring the future direction of research needs.

Results:

Good quality older patients’ care involves safety, professional interventions, recognition and management of physical and emotional wellbeing. Care of older patients requires addressing the aging process itself, the expected decrease in functionality, and diminished cognitive ability. Little statistical data were found to address the quality of hospitalized elderly patients in particular as well as study on healthcare facilities and nursing homes. Literature does not provide much guidance to the effectiveness of care strategies.

Conclusion:

The results assert that elderly health care is a priority. However, health care systems are not specific about elderly patients’ needs, leading to low quality of elderly care. There is a need to use an integrated model of care to improve the quality of life and quality of care provided to hospitalized older patients.

Keywords: Elderly people, Elderly healthcare problems, Integrated model of care for elderly, Quality of life for elderly.