RESEARCH ARTICLE


The Effect of Physical Exercise Program in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Ratchaburi Province, Thailand



Jiriya Intana1, Phenchamat Khamthana1, Issara Siramaneerat2, *, Chalit Chaowilai3
1 Boromrajonani College of Nursing Ratchaburi, Ministry of Public Health, Na Muang, Thailand
2 Department of Social Science, Faculty of Liberal Art, Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi, Khlong Hok, Thailand
3 Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Liberal Art, Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi, Khlong Hok, Thailand


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Creative Commons License
© 2019 Intana et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Department of Social Science, Faculty of Liberal Art, Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi, Thailand;
E-mails: issara_sira@hotmail.com, issara_s@rmutt.ac.th


Abstract

Objective:

This study aimed at investigating the relationship between demographic and psychological characteristics with the status of physical activity of type 2 diabetic patients from Sub-District Health Promoting Hospital (SDHPH).

Methods:

Data were collected from 1,890 type 2 diabetic patients using self-registered questionnaires. The questionnaire included questions about demographic characteristics, and exercise, while medical records were examined for complications, treatments, and diabetes control indicators. Furthermore, descriptive statistics, chi-square tests and Fisher's exact test were performed. P-values <0.05 were considered statistically significant.

Results:

According to the result of Chi-square tests and Fisher's exact test, it was observed that education level and occupation were significantly influenced by physical activity level at significance levels of 0.05.

Conclusion:

This study shows that socio-demographic factors play an important role in exercise behavior, and these should be taken into account accordingly while designing fitness intervention.

Keywords: Physical activity, Diabetes, Education level, Occupation, Socio-demographic factors, Thailand.