RESEARCH ARTICLE


Correlation Between Oral and Dental Health Status of Primary School Children and Their Family Quality of Life in Torbat Heydariyeh County in Iran



Hamideh Yaghoobi1, Camelia Rohani2, *, Azam Shirin Abadi Farahani3, Mahsa Matbouei4, Maryam Tatari5
1 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran
2 Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Student Research Committee, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
5 Department of Public Health, School of Health, Torbat Heydarieyh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydarieyh, Iran


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Creative Commons License
© 2019 Yaghoobi et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; E-mail: camelia.rohani@sbmu.ac.ir


Abstract

Background:

Due to little information on Iranian families, this study was conducted to investigate the correlation between the oral-dental health status of primary school children and their Family’s Quality of Life (QoL).

Materials and Methods:

In this cross-sectional study, the oral-dental health status of 251 primary school children in Torbat Heydariyeh county, Iran, was examined according to decayed, missing, and filled teeth index for primary (dmft) and permanent (DMFT) teeth by a checklist. Their mothers (n=251) responded to the Family Impact Scale (FIS) for the assessment of family’s QoL. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20 by Poisson and Multiple Linear Regression analyses.

Results:

Primary dental caries of children at an intermediate level (dmft = 3.4 ± 3.1) and their permanent dental caries at a low level (DMFT = 2.6 ± 2.9) were evaluated. The mean score of families’ QoL was estimated 13±7.5 out of a maximum of 56. Pearson correlation test showed that there was no significant correlation between the FIS and dmft/DMFT index (P > 0.05). Regression models revealed that there was a correlation between mothers' dental visits over the past 8 months with the dmft (p=0.006), the DMFT index (p=0.016) and families’ QoL (p=0.045).

Conclusion:

Although our study didn't show a correlation between the dental health status of children and family’s QoL, the findings showed that there is still a gap between the goals of the WHO and the dental health status of children in Torbat Heydariyeh county.

Keywords: Family quality of life, Family Impact Scale, Primary school children, dmft/DMFT Index, Dental caries, Dental health status.