SYSTEMATIC REVIEW


Interventions to Promote Rehabilitation Programmes for Youth with Violent Behaviours in Limpopo Province: A Systematic Literature Review



Tshilidzi O. Ramakulukusha1, *, Sunday S. Babalola2, Ntsieni S. Mashau1
1 Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Venda, Thohoyandou 0950, South Africa
2 Department of Human Resources Management & Labour Relations, School of Management Sciences, University of Venda, Thohoyandou 0950, South Africa


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Creative Commons License
© 2022 Ramakulukusha et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Venda, Thohoyandou 0950, South Africa; Tel: 0838537796/0793061029 E-mail: mutonditshitimbi@gmail.com


Abstract

Background:

A rehabilitation strategy aims to reshape the individual and prepare them to enter society with a different state of mind and start a new life after incarceration.

Objective:

The purpose of this systematic literature review was to identify and describe the intervention strategies to promote rehabilitation programmes for youth with violent behaviours, guided by Rodger’s evolutionary concept analysis framework.

Methods:

A comprehensive database search was conducted from 2010 to 2020. The review focused on quantitative and qualitative studies and reports obtained from GOOGLE SCHOLAR, SABINET, SAGE, EBSCO-HOST, and SCIENCE DIRECT. Keywords and search strategies were also taken into consideration. The researchers systematically reviewed the literature, and 250 articles and 25 reports were obtained; their content was screened for relevance, and 50 articles and 11 reports were found to be suitable and relevant; these were then reviewed. A thematic analysis was performed to identify antecedents, attributes, and consequences of rehabilitation on youth with violent behaviours. The study findings were then used to inform the development of the conceptual framework.

Results:

The results show that antecedents of these rehabilitation strategies on violent youth behaviours include family structure, increased bullying due to gangs, and gender and environmental factors. The identified attributes were motivation, contextual differences, transformation, opportunity, and ineffective rehabilitation programmes in addressing violent behaviours in youths.

Conclusion:

Youth is regarded as the most vulnerable group in society, holding a high percentage of the population. As a result, it is always vital to protect them.

Keywords: Antecedents, Attributes, Consequences, Youth, Rehabilitation programmes, Intervention, Violent behaviours, Strategies.