RESEARCH ARTICLE


The Relationship between Social Support and Hopelessness among Iranian Students during Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic



Negar Hajinasab1, Mehrnegar Amiri2, Mahnaz Sharifi3, Tayebe Sanati4, Zari Dolatabadi3, Leila Amiri-Farahani5, *
1 BSc in Midwifery, Student Research Committee, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 MSc in Nursing, Student Research Committee, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 MSc in Midwifery, Department of Reproductive Health and Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 MSc in Elderly Health, Elderly Health Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
5 Ph.D. in Reproductive Health, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Department of Reproductive Health and Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Article Metrics

CrossRef Citations:
0
Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 95
Abstract HTML Views: 65
PDF Downloads: 86
ePub Downloads: 42
Total Views/Downloads: 288
Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 63
Abstract HTML Views: 50
PDF Downloads: 58
ePub Downloads: 33
Total Views/Downloads: 204



Creative Commons License
© 2022 Hajinasab et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Reproductive Health and Midwifery, Nursing Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Tel: +98.2143651139; Fax: +98.2143651800; E-mail: l.amirifarahani@gmail.com


Abstract

Background:

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has major consequences for public health worldwide, especially for mental health. Hope is a dynamic motivational system that empowers one to achieve goals. Social support similarly increases the feeling of well-being to cope with hopelessness. The present study was conducted to determine the relationship between social support and hopelessness in students studying at the Iran University of Medical Sciences during the COVID-19 pandemic considering the importance of performance in medical sciences students.

Methods:

This cross-sectional study was performed continuously for five months, from January to May 2021, at the Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, where the Persian language is predominantly spoken. Participants were included if they could consent to participate in the study and internet access and membership in social networks. Those who did not fully engage with our data collection tools were excluded. A demographic information form, the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MPSS) were provided to students via social networks. After students (n=300) completed the questionnaires, data were analyzed through SPSS software version 21.

Results:

The mean age of participants was 23.46 (18-51) years. The mean score of hopelessness among the participants was 6.2. The majority of students (35%) had mild hopelessness, 34.7% had a minimum level of hopelessness, 26.7% had a moderate level of hopelessness, and 11% had a high level of hopelessness. The mean social support score was 59.49, with 52.3% of students having a high level of social support. The correlation coefficient between social support and hopelessness was - 0.401 (p < 0.001). Field of study, degree level, marital status and lifestyle were significantly correlated with hopelessness. Also, only marital status had a significant relationship with social support among students. The results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that out of the variables included in the model, only the variable of social support had a significant effect on the hopelessness score, so this variable predicted 18% of the hopelessness score.

Conclusion:

Given the inverse relationship between social support and hopelessness, it is suggested to increase the level of social support for students to improve their sense of hopelessness.

Keywords: Social support, Hopelessness, COVID-19, Students, Iran, Pandemic, Public health.