Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Towards Sexually Transmitted Infections Among Women of Reproductive Age in an Urban Community Health Centre in Indonesia
Hariyono Winarto1, *, #, Muhammad Habiburrahman2, *, #, Fitriyadi Kusuma1, Kartiwa Hadi Nuryanto1, Tricia Dewi Anggraeni1, Tofan Widya Utami1, Andi Darma Putra1, Danny Maesadatu Syaharutsa1
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2023
E-location ID: e187494452301050
Publisher ID: e187494452301050
Article History:Received Date: 6/10/2022
Revision Received Date: 9/12/2022
Acceptance Date: 13/12/2022
Electronic publication date: 22/02/2023
Collection year: 2023
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), an emerging public health burden, are increasing due to a lack of understanding about their prevention.
To understand the association between STI-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) among women of reproductive age in an urban community health centre in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Material and Methods:
A cross-sectional study and consecutive sampling technique were employed on 50 women using a structured, self-administered questionnaire. All data were analysed using Spearman’s rank correlation, χ2, or Fisher’s exact test to test the hypothesis.
Encountered women had an average age of 26.80 ± 4.64 years, were married (74%), primiparous (46%), and with a high level of education (88%). The median scores for attitude and knowledge were 76.90 and 79.20, respectively, and there was a moderate correlation between these scores (ρ=0.482, p<0.001). Overall, 84% of individuals had good knowledge, and 88% of respondents had a positive attitude. Practical insight was moderate, with the rate of abstinence, using condoms, suggesting condoms, and stigmatising persons with HIV/AIDS being 54%, 32%, 2%, and 36%, respectively. Education level was a significant predictor of knowledge, and women’s attitudes toward STIs were associated with their knowledge (OR 7.80, p=0.044). There was no relationship between socio-demographic profiles and the KAP of STIs. Knowledge and attitude did not contribute significantly towards abstinence, using condoms, suggesting condoms, and HIV/AIDS-related stigmatisation due to the complexity of practice actualisation related to theories of planned behaviour.
STI-related knowledge and attitude correlate well, but this study found that neither predicts STI-related practice.