Perception and Knowledge of Adults Toward the Newly Evoked Variant Omicron: A Web-based National Survey from Jordan

Mariam Alameri1, *, Lobna Gharaibeh2, Raya Alrashdan3
1 Department of Pharmacy Practice, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan
2 Pharmacological and Diagnostic Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Al-Ahliyya Amman University, Amman, Jordan
3 King Hussein Cancer Center, Amman, 11941, Jordan

Article Metrics

CrossRef Citations:
Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 418
Abstract HTML Views: 238
PDF Downloads: 241
ePub Downloads: 153
Total Views/Downloads: 1050
Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 272
Abstract HTML Views: 150
PDF Downloads: 177
ePub Downloads: 100
Total Views/Downloads: 699

Creative Commons License
© 2023 Alameri et al>.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Pharmacy Practice, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan; E-mail:



Omicron B.1.1.529 possesses the highest number of mutations among all SARSCoV-2 variants. The Omicron variant spread quickly and became globally dominant; the currently available COVID-19 vaccines provided less immunity to the Omicron variant.


This study aimed to explore Jordanians' knowledge and perceptions about the omicron variant and the role of vaccines in protection.


The questionnaire was created using Google Forms and was distributed online via different social media platforms. Participants were recruited through a convenient sampling method and snowball distribution of the questionnaire. Inclusion criteria: being an adult and living in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan


A total of 708 participants responded and filled out the questionnaire with an average age of 39.87 ± 11.09. Less than half of the participants were infected with the coronavirus. Most of the participants were infected only once (238, 78.8%) and mostly with the original strain of the coronavirus. Almost all the participants were vaccinated (661, 93.4%); the majority received two doses (504, 76.3%), followed by three doses (142, 21.5%), and only fifteen participants (2.4%) received one dose of vaccine. Pfizer-BioNTech was the most frequently used type of vaccine. In the multivariate analysis, predictors of a higher knowledge score were education levels (only in postgraduate degree compared to high school or lower education), monthly income higher than 400, presence of comorbidities, and vaccination.


As the Omicron variant spreads rapidly, educational programs and interventions are needed to improve public knowledge and perceptions, especially for those with low educational levels and monthly income.

Keywords: Knowledge, Omicron, Web-based survey, COVID-19, Vaccination, Variant.