Identification of Work-related Diseases in Small-scale Fishermen in Batam Island, Indonesia

Fitri Sari Dewi1, *, Haryoto Kusnoputranto2, Rachmadhi Purwana1, Tri Edhi Budhi Soesilo1
1 School of Environmental Sciences, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
2 Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

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© 2023 Dewi et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the School of Environmental Sciences, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia; E-mail:



Small-scale fishermen's work activities are carried out in a marine environment which has the potential to cause certain work-related diseases. AIMS: This study aims to identify the incidence of work-related diseases among small-scale fishermen in Batam Island, Indonesia.


This study used both quantitative and qualitative approaches involving 119 small-scale fishermen. Data was collected through questionnaires, observations, documentation, interviews, focus group discussions, and secondary data collection.


The results showed that all small-scale fishermen complained of diseases caused by threats in the chemical, physical, biological, psychological, and ergonomic factors group.


Most fishermen complained about colds, fever, stings, blisters, skin allergies, and eye disorders/myopia. Most complaints were obtained from small-scale fishermen over 40 years old, especially the ones with smoking habits. Identification of work-related diseases was required to prevent and control the health problems that could endanger small-scale fishermen’s health and productivity.

Keywords: Fisheries, Health problems, Small-scale fishermen, Work-related diseases, Working environment, Myopia.