The Effect of Eight Weeks of Pilates Exercises on Anthropometric Indices and Subjective Well-being in Obese Middle-aged Women

Kiavash Hushmandi1, Jamshid Jamali2, Sam Saghari3, Rasoul Raesi4, *
1 Department of Food Hygiene and Quality Control, Division of Epidemiology & Zoonoses, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3 Department of Health Services Management, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Health Services Management, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Article Metrics

CrossRef Citations:
Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 474
Abstract HTML Views: 220
PDF Downloads: 182
ePub Downloads: 138
Total Views/Downloads: 1014
Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 315
Abstract HTML Views: 117
PDF Downloads: 132
ePub Downloads: 95
Total Views/Downloads: 659

Creative Commons License
© 2023 Hushmandi et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Health Services Management, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran;



Exercise is one of the most effective means of enhancing subjective well-being, preventing obesity, and maintaining good health.


This study aimed to investigate the impact of eight weeks of Pilates training on anthropometric indices and subjective well-being in obese middle-aged women.


In this quasi-experimental study, 40 eligible obese middle-aged women of Khaf Fitness Plus Sports Club were voluntarily recruited and randomly assigned to Pilates and control groups. The Pilates group participated in eight weeks of Pilates exercises performed three times weekly. The subjective well-being survey and a checklist of anthropometric indices were completed for all individuals 24 hours before and 72 hours after the intervention. Data were analyzed in SPSS-15 statistical software using Kolmogorov-Smirnov, independent t-test, paired t-test, chi-square, and Fisher exact tests. The significance level was set at p <0.05.


After the intervention, the experimental group had significantly lower mean weight, body mass index, and waist-to-hip ratio than the control group (p <0.05). The mean scores of emotional, psychological, and social well-being in the experimental group increased significantly after the intervention compared to baseline (p <0.01).


The results reveal that eight weeks of Pilates exercises significantly reduce anthropometric indices and increase subjective well-being dimensions (emotional, psychological, and social well-being) in obese middle-aged women.

Keywords: Pilates exercise, Subjective well-being, Obesity, Women, Middle-aged, Anthropometric indices.