The Role of Token Economy Therapy in Reducing the Psychological Burden of Formal Caregivers
Kehinde C. Lawrence1, *, Lindokuhle O. Makhonza2, Mambetalina S. Aliya1
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2023
E-location ID: e187494452306131
Publisher ID: e187494452306131
Article History:Received Date: 07/11/2022
Revision Received Date: 31/03/2023
Acceptance Date: 06/04/2023
Electronic publication date: 14/07/2023
Collection year: 2023
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The responsibilities of providing care and support for individuals suffering from any form of illness sometimes impose psychological burdens of the care providers.
The major concern of this study was to examine whether token economy therapy (TET) can effectively reduce the psychological burden of formal caregivers in Ibadan, Nigeria.
A quasi-experimental design was adopted. Two secondary health centres in Ibadan were purposively selected, while paid caregivers were randomized into intervention (15) and control (15) groups. Two hypotheses were formulated and tested at a 0.05 significance level using Analysis of Covariance as a statistical analysis.
Findings revealed that the main effect of treatment was significant on the psychological burden (F (1, 29) = 725.492, partial; ῆ2 = 0.962). Furthermore, participants in the TET group had a post-treatment mean score of (χ=70.410) and those in the control group had (χ=31.335).
The study concludes that TET was effective in reducing the psychological burden among health caregivers in state hospitals in Ibadan and was recommended as a treatment modality to reduce psychological burden.