Assessment of Antibiotic Knowledge Among Final Year Pharmacy Students at University of Baghdad

Ehab Mudher Mikhael1, *, Mohammed Khudhair Hasan2, Sama Zaid Abdulridha3
1 Clinical Pharmacy Department, College of Pharmacy, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
2 Pharmacy Department, Al-Israa University College, Baghdad, Iraq
3 Ibn Alnafees Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq

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Creative Commons License
© 2019 Mikhael et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Clinical Pharmacy Department, College of Pharmacy, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq;
Tel: 00964-07706216933; E-mails:



Antibiotics are life-saving drugs that if misused lead to antibiotic resistance and consequently to a substantial public health issue. Pharmacists have a major role in ensuring the rational use of antibiotics to prevent antibiotic resistance. This study aimed to assess antibiotic knowledge among final year pharmacy students at Baghdad University.


A cross sectional study using a newly developed and validated questionnaire was given for 148 final year (5th stage) students at Baghdad University – College of Pharmacy during November 2016. Only 140 students (response rate 93%) completed the questionnaire. The 10 items-questionnaire consisted of 5 major domains: Antibiotic effectiveness, side effects, resistance, use in specific cases (e.g., during pregnancy and septicemia), and the legal issues of antibiotic dispensing.


Only 20% of students have good overall antibiotic knowledge. The least knowledge for pharmacy student was in regard to antibiotic side effects and antibiotic resistance at which only 22% and 19% of pharmacists possessed good antibiotic knowledge respectively. Knowledge of student was the best in legal issues of antibiotic dispensing. There was a non-significant difference in antibiotic knowledge between male and female pharmacy students.


Antibiotic knowledge among pharmacy students at Baghdad University was very poor and less than expected.

Keywords: Antibiotic, Pharmacy students, Antibiotic knowledge, Antibiotic dispensing, Antibiotic side effects, Antibiotic resistance.