Prevalence of Self-medication and its Influence in the Labor Force in Rural Hlaing Tharyar, Yangon, Myanmar

Moe Thuzar1, Pyae Linn Aung2, *
1 Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Myanmar Medical Association, Yangon, Myanmar

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© 2019 Thuzar and Aung.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Myanmar Medical Association, Yangon, 11222, Myanmar; Tel: +95-9-5187520; E-mail:



As self-medication is becoming the most familiar and preferred type of medical care in developing countries, this study was designed to measure the prevalence of self-medication and its influence on the labor force in rural areas of Hlaing Tharyar Township, Yangon, Myanmar.


A cross-sectional study using structured questionnaires was conducted among 250 laborers during April 2015.


The prevalence of self-medication among the labor force was (89.2%) in which 64.0% had poor knowledge, 56.8% had poor perception, and 68.8% received poor social support for self-medication practices. A multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that three variables influenced self-medication practices: (1) decision-making role for the treatment of illness (odds ratio [OR] = 3.79, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.7–12.38); (2) poor perception (OR = 5.33, 95% CI = 1.66–17.08); and (3) poor social support (OR = 4.86, 95% CI = 1.61–14.63).


These findings indicate the need for health education intervention and behavior change communication training for promoting rational drug use among this rural labor force.

Keywords: Self-medication, Prevalence, Factors, Labor force, Rural Hlaing Tharyar, Myanmar.